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Parashat Balak

Dedicated Leilui Nishmat My Parents Jack and Linda Tamir by Elliot Tamir and Family

Parashat Balak

This Parasha differs from all the other Parashiot in the Torah, because it’s being told to us as an episode that happened to B'nei Yisrael without them being aware of what was going on. This is the only story in the Torah that was not witnessed by B'nei Yisrael and everything that happens in this Parasha goes on behind the scenes.

The Parasha opens with Balak, the king of Moab. In Pasuk 3 we read: "Moab became very frightened of the people, because they were numerous and Moab was disgusted in the face of B'nei Yisrael." The Moabites became afraid that B'nei Yisrael would do battle with them, and they were concerned because B'nei Yisrael had just defeated Sihon. According to Rashi, the Moabites had relied on the mighty Amorite kings Sihon and Og for protection. If the kings were powerless to stop the Israelites, surely Moab was in mortal danger.

Or Hachaim asks the question: when Balak described B’nei Yisrael, he said: "There's a nation that was rescued from Egypt that is very numerous." Why does Balak describe B'nei Yisrael as being rescued from Egypt that way? Everyone knew that B'nei Yisrael were rescued from Pharaoh by Hashem! This was common knowledge that all the nations were aware of. It’s as if someone would say to us today: "You know there were two planes that flew into the World Trade Center and destroyed them!" Who doesn't know about 9/11? The answer is that this was said as an attack on Bilaam, because he was an advisor to Pharoah and as a result of him not doing a good job, B'nei Yisrael had survived the Egyptians and were still around and continued to flourish.

The Parasha continues as Balak sends messengers to Bilaam to curse the Israelites. Bilaam was the greatest prophet that the gentile nations had ever had and he knew the exact moment of the day that Hashem was angry with B'nei Yisrael! So Bilaam answered the officers, that they should stay the night and he would talk to Hashem and give them an answer in the morning. Hashem came to Bilaam and said to him that "He should not try to curse the Israelites, because they are a blessed people." Lo taor et haam, ki baruch hu!

The messengers went back to Balak and told him that he shouldn't curse the Israelites. Balak kept on sending more officers and higher level officers to convince Bilaam, who finally said that even if they offered him a house full of gold and silver he would not be able to do as they asked. Hashem came to Bilaam and said "Im likro lecha bau ha’anashim, kum lech itam ve’ach et ha’davvar asher adaber elecha oto taaseh". “If these men have come to call for you, arise and go with them, but the word I speak to you, that you shall do."

Our Rabbis interpret this Pasuk as referring to an offer of gold and silver. Yet why did Hashem now say that it’s ok to go now that there’s an offer of money? Does Hashem care about silver and gold for Bilaam? The answer is that Bilaam had a hatred for B'nei Yisrael and he would therefore take pleasure in trying to curse them but he was unable to do so. When he was offered all this money to curse them, it took away from the pure hatred that he had. Now any curses from Bilaam would not be as effective because there would be an ulterior motive, so therefore Bilaam would not have the proper Kavanah to curse the Israelites.

The Torah continues the story to say that Bilaam got up early the next morning to saddle his donkey and to go with the officers to Balak. All of a sudden, the next Passuk says: "Vayechar af elokim, ki holech hu.” "Hashem’s anger flared at Bilaam, because he was going." Why did Hashem get so angry at Bilaam for going? Didn't Hashem just tell him that he should go? This is similar to Parashat Shelah where the spies were anxious to spy out the land but it was wrong for them to do that, which Hashem let them know in a subtle way. In both situations they did not heed Hashem's true desires. They should have read between the lines and held back.

As Bilaam was on the way, an angel of Hashem stood in his donkey’s path so he couldn't go past, first to the right and then to the left, and then the angel of Hashem blocked the whole path, but still, each time Bilaam hit the donkey to go! Hashem opened the mouth of the donkey to speak and the donkey said: "What have I done to you that you have struck me these three times?" In other words, Why are you hitting me? Haven't I always followed your orders well? Can't you figure out that there's a problem here and that's why I can't pass? So Hashem opened Bilaam's eyes and he was able to see that there was an Angel blocking his path, and so he became embarrassed because he realized that his faithful donkey was trying to save his life from the Angel. This is an important lesson for all of us, to teach us that sometimes when we try and do something but for some reason unknown to us, it’s just not happening. No matter how hard we try and push, we must realize that it’s a sign from Hashem to stop and rethink what we're trying to accomplish. It must be that it will not be good for us in the long run but only Hashem would know that. It may be a house that we're trying to purchase or a business deal that we want to complete, etc.

The Angel now gave permission to Bilaam to pass with the officers of Balak, but the angel said to him: "Go with the men, but only the word that I shall speak to you, shall you speak!" So Bilaam said to Balak, as part of his own witchcraft: "Go and build seven alters and prepare seven bulls and seven rams." The midrash tells us that Bilaam tried to curse B'nei Yisrael but it would not work, because any curse that Bilaam said would come out the opposite. For example, if he wanted curse them to be poor, the blessing for wealth would come out instead and if he wanted to curse them to be sick, they would be blessed for health. So Balak complained to Bilaam: "I have brought you here to curse B'nei Yisrael but you blessed them instead!" Bilaam answered: "How can I curse them if Hashem does not let me curse them and how can I get angry at them if Hashem is not angry with them?"

The midrash teaches that one of the blessings that Hashem caused Bilaam to say, was that there is no division among the Jewish people; they are as one and when they are united, then Hashem is with them and they cannot be cursed or destroyed! It’s like taking a single twig: anyone can break it, but if you put a bunch of twigs together, it becomes unbreakable!

Another blessing was when Bilaam saw the dwelling of B'nei Yisrael and said the famous line that we sing at the chupah of every Jewish wedding: "Mah tovu ohalecha yaakov mishkenotecha yisrael" “How great are your tents, O Yaakov, your dwelling places, O Israel". Bilaam saw the exemplary order of B'nei Yisrael's camps. The tribes maintained their separate identities, and the tents were arranged so that their entrances did not face one another, which prevented intrusions on the privacy of other families. This was their practice so that the tribes and large extended family groups stayed together. This showed that the people felt responsible for one another, but at the same time they zealously protected the personal dignity and rights of individual families.

Another interpretation of these words 'Mah Tovu Ohalecha' refers to our synagogues. The importance of sanctifying our Synagogues was expounded by Tosofot Yom Tov in the mid-1600s. He writes a blessing to be careful not to speak during Tefilah or Sefer Torah:

“He who blessed our forefather Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov, Moshe and Aaron, David and Shlomo, He will bless those who guard their mouth and tongue from speaking during prayers. The Holy One Blessed be He shall guard him from every trouble and distress and from every plague and illness, and he shall be subject to all the blessings written in the Torah of Moshe and all the Prophets and Scriptures, and he will merit to live and have healthy children whom he shall educate and nurture them to become Torah scholars, marry them off and educate them to do good deeds, and he shall eternally serve Hashem truthfully. Amen!"

From the above we learn that it’s especially important for us today that we turn off our cell phones while in shul for the few minutes that we are praying to Hashem.

Regarding our blessings from Hashem, even Mark Twain said famously about the Jewish people:

“If the statistics are right, the Jews constitute but one quarter of one percent of the human race. It suggests a nebulous puff of star dust lost in the blaze of the Milky Way. Properly, the Jew ought hardly to be heard of, but he is heard of, has always been heard of. He is as prominent on the planet as any other people, and his importance is extravagantly out of proportion to the smallness of his bulk.

His contributions to the world’s list of great names in literature, science, art, music, finance, medicine and abstruse learning are also very out of proportion to the weakness of his numbers. He has made a marvelous fight in this world in all ages; and has done it with his hands tied behind him. He could be vain of himself and be excused for it. The Egyptians, the Babylonians and the Persians rose, filled the planet with sound and splendor, then faded to dream-stuff and passed away; the Greeks and Romans followed and made a vast noise, and they were gone; other people have sprung up and held their torch high for a time but it burned out, and they sit in twilight now, and have vanished.

The Jew saw them all, survived them all, and is now what he always was, exhibiting no decadence, no infirmities, of age, no weakening of his parts, no slowing of his energies, no dulling of his alert but aggressive mind. All things are mortal but the Jews; all other forces pass, but he remains. What is the secret of his immortality?”

There’s only one answer to that question and the secret of our immortality that Mark Twain speaks about in his quote above and that is that all the blessings that we receive come from Hashem!

May we all know that Hashem will never let another prophet or nation curse the Jewish people and may we always be a nation that is forever deserving the praise of the other nations, so that we may always sanctify Hashem's great name! Amen!

Shabbat Shalom!

Rabbi Amram Sananes as written by Jack Rahmey

Leiluiy Nishmat....

Eliyahu Ben Rachel Rabbi Shimon Chay Ben Yaasher

Sarah Bat Chanah Esther Bat Sarah

Shulamit Bat Helaina Rabbi Meyer Ben Chana

Batsheva Bat Sarah Esther Rafael Ben Miriam

Rav Haim Ben Rivka Moshe Ben Mazal

Yitzchak Ben Adele Avraham Ben Mazal

Chanah Bat Esthe Ovadia Ben Esther

Moshe Ben Garaz Rahamim Ben Mazal

Avraham Ben Garaz Avraham Ben Mazal

Yaakov Ben Rachel Avraham Ben Kami

Meir Ben Latifa Moshe Ben Yael

Malka Bat Garaz Mordechai Ben Rachel

Yaakov Ben Leah

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