Dedicated for a Refuah Shelemah for Eliyahu ben Esther
Parashat Ekev They Are Important This week’s parasha opens with the words “Vehaya ekev tishmeun et ha’mishpatim ha’eleh — This shall be the reward when you hearken to these ordinances.” According to the midrash, since the word ekev also means the heel of a foot, this verse alludes to the sort of commandments that people may consider unimportant. In other words, these are mitzvot that people may think they can tread on with their heel or treat lightly. But the truth is that we don’t know the value of any of the mitzvot, so we can’t relate to any of them as being less significant than the others. As it says in Pirke Avot (2:1) “Be scrupulous in performing a ‘minor’ mitzvah as in a ‘major’ one, for you do not know the reward given for the [respective] mitzvot.” Hashem’s Berachot The following pesukim continue, “Hashem will love you, bless and multiply you, and He will bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land; your grain, your wine, your oil; the offspring of your cattle and the flocks of your sheep and goats.” The pesukim continue with an abundance of berachot for our children, our health, and our livelihood. Just look at the Jewish population today all over the world; we are a population of just around 15 million, even after so many centuries. We are but a small fraction of one percent of the world’s population, yet we have seen beracha among our people that’s drastically disproportionate to the rest of the world. We can clearly see the fulfilment of the berachot in this week’s parasha by the disproportionate number of Jews that have achieved great things, whether in medicine, law, the humanities, technology, and so many other fields, and the tremendously high proportion of Jewish Nobel prize winners. After only seventy years, Israel also leads the world in technology, agriculture, and so many other areas, despite the numerous disadvantages and setbacks that come from being a tiny country in a constant state of war surrounded by enemies that continuously threaten to destroy us. Let’s not fool ourselves, there’s great power in these berachot, and they only come from following in the ways of Hashem and our holy Torah! Once on a trip to Russia, the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Yitzchak Yosef, met with the Russian president Vladimir Putin. The Rabbi thought it would be just a quick “photo op” type of meeting, but Putin wanted to talk with the Rabbi at length. They sat and spoke for close to ninety minutes. Putin told the Rabbi that he considered himself a historian and had studied all of the great nations of the past — the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Greeks and Romans, and so on. He said that it had always amazed him that the Jews have outlived all these dynasties, despite their small number and the endless persecutions that they had to endure over the centuries. He asked Chacham Yitzchak the secret to this amazing success and perseverance. The Rabbi was about to answer Putin’s question, but President Putin decided to give his own answer. He said, “I believe the reason the Jewish people have outlasted all those other nations, is that they have always followed their Torah and because they listen to their Rabbis!” We can see this clearly from a passuk in last week’s parasha, Va’et-hannan, where it says “You shall safeguard and perform them [the mitzvot], for it is your wisdom and discernment in the eyes of the people, who shall hear all of these decrees and who shall say: Surely a wise and discerning people is this great nation (4:6)!” Rabenu Bahya comments: “The Torah states that universal acknowledgement of Israel’s wisdom will result even from its adherence to the decrees — the commandments for which no reason is revealed — because the wisdom inherent in the parts of the Torah that are accessible to rational study will convince intellectually honest people that there must be great divine wisdom in the decrees as well.” Parnassah Comes from Hashem The Torah also wants to tell us to beware and not to get too proud of ourselves and our accomplishments. It states, “Kochi ve’otzem yadi asa li et ha’hayil hazeh — My strength and the might of my hand made me all this wealth (8:17)!” We must realize that although we may consider ourselves great businessmen, Hashem is guiding us each and every day. Hashem gave us the brains and the talents to earn a living. He lets us believe that we’re making things happen, but the work that we do is just to let us think that we have something to do with the results. At the same time, we can’t just sit back. We must do our part and make the effort, all while knowing that Hashem is granting every aspect of our berachot. In Parashat Beshalach, when B’nei Yisrael were trapped between the Yam Suf and the Egyptian army, Moshe prayed to Hashem. Hashem responded, “Mah tiss’ak elai — Why do you cry out to me?” Hashem then instructed Moshe: “Speak to B’nei Yisrael and tell them to move forward!” According to the midrash, Nachshon ben Aminadav, a prince of the tribe of Yehudah, was the first one to take that leap of faith and jump into the water! Rabenu Bachaya explains that the Yam Suf didn’t split all at once, and therefore they were not able to see across to the other side. Rather, there was a wall of water in front of them, and with each step they took, the sea continued to split. The same is true in our own lives. Usually a clear path through our trials and tribulations doesn’t appear all at once. We must move forward step by step, dealing with our challenges as they come, and overcoming them one by one. Only later can we look back and see with clarity at how we arrived where we are today! We must constantly have emunah and bitachon that as long as we follow in the way of Hashem, He will be there for us and guide us through our lives, even though we can’t possibly see what lies ahead of us! Hashem is saying to us: “Mah tiss’ak elai? — Why are you crying out to me?” Just take that leap of faith and have complete confidence and emunah that Hashem is always with us! Hashem lets us think that it’s our strength and our business acumen that’s accomplishing things for us, but it’s really Hashem testing us! This has been proven thousands of times throughout our community and around the world. We have seen how Hashem controls every step that we make. Hashem Runs the World Throughout the parasha, the Torah reminds us that Hashem is in control, running the world, creating intricate, knotted webs that come together to make miraculous stories. Rabbi Yoel Gold told an amazing story in his video series The Wait about a woman who never lost emunah that Hashem would bring her naseeb. At 64 years-old, Laurie Fogel had been in shidduchim for over 40 years. Her mom, constantly filled with emunah, supported Laurie through her many years of dating, by saying tehillim and assuring Laurie that Hashem runs the world, and He will send her match at the right time. One day, Laurie’s mom suddenly had a heart attack. The doctors worked on her tirelessly in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles and managed to get her stable, B’H. On May 25th, at around 6:00 PM, Laurie’s mom was ready to be discharged. The doctor removed a tube, and something went very wrong. The words “Code Blue, Code Blue” rang around the sixth floor of the hospital while the doctors and nurses struggled to bring Mrs. Fogel back to life. After a half hour, they miraculously succeeded, and Laurie’s mom would be okay. She was discharged a few days later, and Laurie and her mom went home together. Two months later, Laurie was set up with a man named Ron Hass. For their first date, they ended up at a coffee shop on Beverly Boulevard. Things were going great; the conversation was flowing! Laurie noticed Ron kept looking across the street at Cedars-Sinai, so she asked him, “Is everything okay?” Ron pointed to the hospital and said, “Sitting here reminds me of what a miracle it is that I’m actually alive. Just a couple of months ago, I was in that building. I had a heart attack.” With his eyes welling up, he said, “I was actively dying. They called my family to come say goodbye. My family even started to organize a funeral for me for the next morning. The doctors took me off life support, and it was a miracle from Hashem. I started to cough and then breathe on my own.” Laurie said, “Wow! That’s incredible!!” With the emunah instilled in her from her mother, her first thought was, THIS is Hashem. This is meant to be. “When was this?” Laurie asked. Ron said, “May 25th around 6:00 in the evening.” Laurie was flabbergasted. That was the same date her mother had her near-death experience as well! With some more questions, she found out both Ron and her mother were on the sixth floor, and had the same doctors and staff calling “Code Blue.” As Laurie told the story with Rabbi Yoel Gold, she said, “This is my theory. My mom and Ron were on their way up to shamayim on May 25th, and my mom must have looked at him and said, ‘Wait a second, you’re going back down. I have a daughter for you!’ And I think Ron looked at her and said, ‘Okay, but you’re coming with me.’ And they both came back together at the same time. Hashem wasn’t ready for his angels just yet.” Shortly after, Laurie introduced Ron to her mom, perhaps for the second time. Not long after that, Ron popped the question, and Laurie said, “YES!” The morning after her daughter got engaged, Laurie’s mom passed away peacefully. It was as if she and Hashem brought Laurie’s match home from the Gates of Heaven and she returned once he was delivered safely. May we all realize that Hashem is in control, and that as long as we follow the ways of the Torah, He will bless us beyond our greatest expectations with children, health, and parnassah. May we always know that everything comes from Hashem, and we must be careful not to delude ourselves into thinking that it’s our efforts that produced anything, because all the gifts that we have are truly berachot from Hashem! Shabbat Shalom! Rabbi Amram Sananes as written by Jack Rahmey Discussion Points:
Deep down, do we feel that we “make a living,” or that Hashem gives us our parnassah?
The word ekev means the heel of a foot, so Parashat Ekev discusses the sort of commandments that people may consider unimportant. In other words, these are mitzvot that people may think they can tread on with their heel or treat lightly. But we don’t know the value of any of the mitzvot, so we can’t relate to any of them as being less significant than the others.
The parasha lists some of the many berachot we will receive if we follow the Torah, like children, health, and livelihood.
The Torah also wants to tell us to beware and not to get too proud of ourselves and our accomplishments. We must realize that although we may consider ourselves great businessmen, Hashem is guiding us each and every day. Hashem gave us the brains and the talents to earn a living. He lets us believe that we’re making things happen, but the work that we do is just to let us think that we have something to do with the results.
At the same time, we can’t just sit back. We must do our part and make the effort, all while knowing that Hashem is granting every aspect of our berachot.
We must constantly have emunah and bitachon that as long as we follow in the way of Hashem, He will be there for us and guide us through our lives, even though we can’t possibly see what lies ahead of us!
Le’ilui Nishmat… Eliyahu Ben Rachel Rabbi Shimon Chay Ben Yaasher Avraham Ben Garaz Sarah Bat Chanah Esther Bat Sarah Avraham Ben Mazal Shulamit Bat Helaina Rabbi Meyer Ben Chana Rahamim Ben Mazal Batsheva Bat Sarah Esther Rafael Ben Miriam Ovadia Ben Esther Rav Haim Ben Rivka Moshe Ben Mazal Moshe Ben Yael Yitzchak Ben Adele Avraham Ben Mazal Meir Ben Latifa Chanah Bat Esther Yaakov Ben Rachel Malka Bat Garaz Moshe Ben Garaz Avraham Ben Kami Yaakov Ben Leah Mordechai Ben Rachel Chacham Shaul Rachamim Ben Mazal Natan Ben Rachel Saadia Ben Miriam Eliyah Ben Latifa Simhon Margalit Bat Mazal Ovadia Haim Ben Malaky Rabbi Aharon Chaim Ben Ruchama Yehoshua Ben Batsheva Luratte Bat Masouda Esther Bat Menucha Uri Ben Rahel Rivka Bat Dona Anyone interested in Dedicating this Divre Torah Le'ilui Nishmat or Refuah Shelemah or In Honor of someone, can email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Checks can be made out to “Mikdash Melech” for $101 and mail to 1326 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11230 (please put in the memo “Divre Torah Food for Shabbat”). Anyone interested in past parashiot please go to the website ParashaPerspective.org